Computers, Information Technology, the Internet, Ethics, Society and Human Values

Philip Pecorino, Ph.D.

Queensborough Community College,  CUNY

Chapter 5 Intellectual Property



Readings on Information and Intellectual Property MIT Open Source

Digital Millennium Copyright Act, 1998

Coming into the Country  John Perry Barlow

Magna Carta for the Knowledge Age  

The Economy of Ideas: Rethinking Property in the Digital Age  John Perry Barlow


Why Software Should Be Free: A Free Software Foundation Paper – Richard Stallman

Anarchism Triumphant:  Free Software and the Death of Copyright  by Eben Moglen

A Plea for Casual Copying – Helen Nissenbaum

Against User Interface Copyright – The League for Programming Freedom

Against Software Patents – The League for Programming Freedom  February 1991 (also in Communications of the ACM, January 1992). This paper argues that patents are flatly bad for development of software and that software should not be patentable.

The Virtues of Software Ownership – David H. Carey

Softward Ownership and Natural Rights Volkman, R.

Proprietary Rights in Computer Software: Individual and Policy Issues– Deborah G. Johnson


The Ownership of Ideas in Computing Software – John W. Snapper

Open Source Initiative 

The Cathedral and the Bazaar” Raymond, E. on the open source movement

 Brief introduction to copyright  Brad Templeton,

Ten Copyright Myths Brad Templeton,

A Manifesto on WIPO and the Future of Intellectual Property  James Boyle Duke L. & Tech. Rev. 0009 (2004)   In this Manifesto, Professor Boyle claims that there are systematic errors in contemporary intellectual property policy and that WIPO has an important role in helping to correct them.

A Politics of Intellectual Property: Environmentalism For the Net?   James Boyle

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY A. COPYRIGHT 3. DIGITAL MILLENNIUM COPYRIGHT ACT a) ANTI-CIRCUMVENTION PROVISIONS: RealNetworks, Inc. v. Streambox, Inc. & Universal City Studios, Inc. v. Reimerdes (2001)(Lexis-Nexis) - Eddan Elizafon Katz,  History of DMCA and cases decided

Intellectual Property Online: Patent, Trademark, Copyright” Archive Electronic Frontier Foundation

Is Code Speech? Brief of Amici Curiae in MPAA v. 2600 (DVD case)

DCMA  Digital Millennium Copyright Act, 1998 

DVD Copy Control Assn. v. Bunner (6th App. Dist. Ca., Nov. 1, 2001)(overturning injunction against publication based on UTSA)
Universal City Studios v. Reimerdes (2d Cir., Nov. 28, 2001)(upholding injunction against publication of DeCSS code based on DMCA)
Gallery of CSS Descramblers

Digital Copyright Act Harms Research Richard M. Smith, Argues that DMCA allows copyright owners to define their own level of protection, violating fair use.

DMCA Notice Generator available at

IP court Cases:


 Jail Time in the Digital Age by Lawrence Lessig


Patently Absurd.  James Gleick. New York Times magazine. Sunday, March 12,
The League for Programming Freedom
The Software Patent Institute
Concepts of Property and the Biotechnology Debate Thompson,
Shelly Warwick, Is Copyright Ethical? An Examination of the Theories, Laws and Practices Regarding the Private Ownership of Intellectual Work in the United States
Justifying Intellectual Property Hettinger,  (JSTOR)
 Trade Secrets and the Justification of Intellectual Property: A Comment on Hettinger,  Lynn Sharp Paine, 20 PHIL. & PUB. AFF. 247, 251-52 (1991)(JSTOR)
The Right to Read Richard Stallings,
Intellectual Property Issues from Negativland
The Electronic Commons Paul Starr,
Encryption, Source Code, and the First Amendment  Robert Post  (distinguishes use of source code to convey ideas to an audience vs. use of source code to run a computer; encryption as potentially protected speech)
The Limits in Open Code:  Regulatory Standards and the Future of the Net , Lawrence Lessig,
The Economy of Ideas, John Perry Barlow, , Wired, Mar. 1994.
Junger v. Daley (6th Cir. 2000) 209 F.3d 481 (DeCSS; source code is speech)

Illegal Art  Celebrating art and ideas on the legal fringes of intellectual property.

FAQ - Intellectual Property Law Web Server  Series of categorized overviews provided by the law firm of Oppedahl & Larson.

Intellectual Property Law Server General information on patent, trademark, and copyright law, including links, forums, legal services directory, and publication of articles.

Copyfight   News stories about the politics of intellectual property.

lawgirl  Interactive legal resource for those in the arts and entertainment field. Features a legal question and answer board and interactive copyright registration pages.

Intellectual Property Data Collections   Provides access to IP data collections hosted by WIPO, with access to other sites that provide IP data.

Intellectual Property: Copyrights, Trademarks & Patents  Information and links to resources.

Free Trade Area for the Americas  Paper offering a consumer perspective on proposals as they relate to rules regarding intellectual property.

Intellectual Property and Technology Forum  Articles, news and discussion of intellectual property issues.

Our Culture: Our Future Report,  Report on Australian indigenous cultural and intellectual property rights.

Patent, Trademark, and Copyright Information Includes definitions, links, and more.

Japan IP Resources Provides updated information on events and issues in the areas of Japanese intellectual property including patents, trademarks, designs, and

Telecommunications and Intellectual Property Law  Links to communications, copyright, and trademark law.

redPatent  Offers Innobook idea protection software, and provides industry news, sample legal agreements, and other resources. Information on intellectual property which includes terminology, laws, organizations, actual court cases, and copyright.

Intellectual Property Law


Lawrence Lessig,  "Intellectual property"

Lawrence Lessig, Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace

Andrew L. Shapiro, The Control Revolution How the Internet is Putting Individuals in Charge and Changing the World We Know

Richard Stim. Intellectual Property: Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights. Albany, New York: Lawyers Cooperative Publishing, 1994.

Selling Wine without Bottles John Perry Barlow,

Sony v. Betamax, 464 U.S. 417 (1984)

White-Smith Music Publ’g Co. v. Apollo Co., 209 U.S. 1, 18-20 (1908) (Holmes, J., concurring).

Copyright Act of Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 320, 33 Stat. 1075

"Wild, Wild Web," Mike Godwin (Cyberethics, 215-221)
"Should Computer Programs Be Owned?" Deborah G. Johnson (Cyberethics, 222-235)
Lotus Development Corp. v. Borland International

"Mind over Matter," James V. DeLong (Cyberethics, 236-242)
"Protecting Intellectual Property in Cyberspace," J.C. Davis (Cyberethics, 243-256)
Gottschalk v. Benson
Diamond v. Diehr (

SOCIETIES and Organizations

World Intellectual Property Organization WSIPO

Electronic Frontier Foundation  EFF

Web Surfer's Caveat: These are class notes, intended to comment on readings and amplify class discussion. They should be read as such. They are not intended for publication or general distribution.                @copyright 2006 Philip A. Pecorino                       

Last updated 8-2006                                                              Return to Table of Contents