Chapter 6: Rights, Truth and Consent

Section 6. Additional Resources

Consent and Coercion

Fetal Rights

  • ACLU Reproductive Freedom: What's Wrong with Fetal Rights - A look at fetal protection statutes and wrongful death actions on behalf of fetuses.
  • The Controversy Over Fetal Rights - A select bibliography from the University of Arizona Library.
  • Fetal Abuse - The rash of women being charged criminally, or having their babies taken away from them, because they took drugs while pregnant focuses attention on the notion that unborn babies deserve the same legal protections as children.
  • Fetal Rights Institute - The Fetal Rights Institute is dedicated to the extension of human rights to the unborn through lawful, non-violent means.
  • Fetal Rights: Unborn Victim - The Center for Reproductive Law and Policy (CRLP) is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting women’s equality worldwide by guaranteeing reproductive rights as human rights.
  • Maternal-Fetal Conflict - Examines the rising awareness of maternal-fetal conflict from an athical perspective in the medical profession.
  • Rights of the Unborn Under International Law - Discusses the basis for claims that the unborn have rights. Site created by Priests For Life.
  • Setback For Fetal Rights - Article republished from the Chicago Tribune of May 27, 1999 covers a Wisconsin alcohol case.
  • Fetuses Gain Legal Status - Bush administration allows states to call fetus 'unborn child' in order to give mothers prenatal care coverage enrolling them in the State Children's Health Insurance Program. (February 1, 2002)
  • ABC : The Fetal Rights Debate - A look at fetal abuse cases, including drug abuse cases and acts of violence. (June 25, 2001)

Parental Refusal

Here is a listing of reports on cases in which parents refuse treatment for their children.

Truth Telling

Placebos Articles On-Line:


Informed Consent

  • Applebaum PS, Lidz CW, Meisel A. Informed Consent: Legal Theory and Clinical Practice. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.
  • Brody H. Transparency: informed consent in primary Care. Hastings Center Report 1989;19(5):5-9.
  • Faden RR, Beauchamp TL, with King N. A History and Theory of Informed Consent. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.
  • Meisel A, Kuczewski M. Legal and ethical myths about informed consent. Archives of Internal Medicine 1996;156(22):2521-6.

Truth Telling

  • Blanchard C. Information and decision-making preferences of hospitalized adult cancer patients. Social Science & Medicine 1988;27:1139-45.
  • English DC. Truth-telling. In: Bioethics: A Clinical Guide for Medical Students. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1994:38-43.
  • Erde E ,Nadan E, Scholl T. On truth-telling and the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. Journal of Family Practice 1988;4:401-6.
  • Gilligan T, Raffin TA. End-of-life discussions with patients. Timing and truth-telling. Chest 1996;109(1):11-2.
  • Miyaji NT. The power of compassion: truth-telling among American doctors in the care of dying patients. Social Science and Medicine 1993;36(3):249-64.
  • Surbone A. Truth-telling, risk, and hope. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1997;809:72-9.


  • Davidson JR, Davidson T. Confidentiality and managed care: ethical and legal concerns. Health and Social Work 1996;21(3):208-15.
  • Freedman B. Violating confidentiality to warn of a risk of HIV infection: ethical work in progress. Theoretical Medicine 1991;12(4):309-23.
  • Green SA. The ethical limits of confidentiality in the therapeutic relationship. General Hospital Psychiatry 1995;17(2):80-4.
  • Tilton SH. Right to privacy and confidentiality of medical records. Occupational Medicine 1996;11(1):17-29.

Maternal-Fetal Conflict

  • Duden B. Disembodying Women. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1993.
  • Kolder VEB, Gallagher J, Parsons MT. Court-ordered obstetrical interventions. NEJM 1987; 316:1192-6.
  • Mahowald MB. Fetus: philosophical and ethical issues. In: Reich WT, editor. Encyclopedia of Bioethics. Revised Edition. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co, 1995: 851.
  • Mattingly SS. The maternal-fetal dyad: exploring the two patient obstetrical model. Hastings Center Report 1992;22(1):13-18.
  • Murry TH. Moral obligations to the not-yet-born. In: Mappes TA, Zembaty JS. editors. Biomedical Ethics. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1991.

Parental Decision Making

  • Buchanan AE, Brock DW. Deciding For Others: The Ethics of Surrogate Decision Making. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
  • Committee on Bioethics, American Academy of Pediatrics. Informed consent, parental permission, and assent in pediatric practice. Pediatrics 1995;95:314-7.

End of Chapter

© Copyright Philip A. Pecorino 2002. All Rights reserved.

Web Surfer's Caveat: These are class notes, intended to comment on readings and amplify class discussion. They should be read as such. They are not intended for publication or general distribution.

Return to:                Table of Contents for the Online Textbook