there any rational reasons to believe?
The question arises as to how humans can be sure that
the spiritual being, the Supreme Being actually exists. Throughout recorded history humans have thought of
this. There is ample evidence
of the belief and a good deal of evidence of humans attempting to provide
support for that belief. The
arguments or proofs that have been offered will be examined.
The arguments each have their critics.
None appear to be without weakness.
The idea of god is one of the most fascinating ideas
ever to be entertained by the mind of a human being.
If there is no god then the idea of god remains as perhaps the
single most important and powerful idea to have been created by the mind
or minds of humans. The idea
provides a foundation for an entire perspective or way to view all of
reality. The idea provides a
basis for the moral foundation and the foundation for social life.
The arguments offered to prove that such a being actually
does exist are thus very important.
The arguments have different forms and are based on
different foundations. One of the most popular distinctions to make
about the arguments and thus to divide them into groups is to note that
there are different basis for the arguments. There are those based
upon reason and those that rest on experience.
The principle arguments based upon
- using reason alone and examining the very concept of god as a
- considering the existence of the universe.
- considering the apparent order of the universe.
Those arguments to prove the existence of God based
on experience are:
humans experience the deity through an act of the
deity in which the deity reveals itself. In this case the revelation
is accomplished through teachings given to humans and recorded in some
form of scripture or gathered into a book, a bible. The contents of
such collections are considered to contain direct instruction from the
Experience- an experience of union with the deity which is
ineffable and noetic, a numinous experience- mystical consciousness of the
"HOLY", infinite dependence , mystery, terror, bliss. The
mystical experience is a particular variety of religious experience in
which the subject is transformed and reports the loss of individuality,
the oneness of all reality, union with the deity, the unity of the subject
of the experience with the object of the experience.
The commonalities in such experience around the world is termed the
It has been described by Rudolph Otto as involving an experience
characterized as being tremendum et fascinans
Experience experience of a god or spirit or of the divine (the
absolute). A Religious experience is an encounter of a human being with a
supernatural being, be it a deity or an emissary or intermediary for the
deity, nevertheless a spiritual entity.
Religious experiences are for the most part, individual and esoteric.
Psychic Phenomena-which relates to a non-physical realm of
existence and the existence of spirits or souls, of which the deity is a
member, the Supreme Being, Spirit or Soul
The type of psychic phenomena involved here would be those
that would support the immortality of the soul and survival after death.
They are the phenomena that provide support for the post-mortem survival
· apparitions-spirits/ ghosts/ poltergeists
· séances - communication with the dead
· reincarnation memories
· near death experiences-NDE's
· death bed observations
· sacred scripture
Miracles- experienced events that could only be caused by a
divine all powerful being
– faith and reason
These are arguments that lead to belief based on
practical considerations and the weighing of odds or the likelihood of
For an overview of
arguments for the existence of a single deity (9 of them)
read the material at