Philosophy of Religion
Chapter 1. OVERVIEW
Section 7 . The Existence of God: What proof is there?
Arguments for God's Existence
The question arises as to how humans can be sure that the spiritual being, the Supreme Being actually exists. Throughout recorded history humans have thought of this. There is ample evidence of the belief and a good deal of evidence of humans attempting to provide support for that belief. The arguments or proofs that have been offered will be examined. The arguments each have their critics. None appear to be without weakness. Here is a listing provided as an overview of the examination to come.
The arguments have different forms and are based on different foundations.
A. Revelation- scripture- direct instruction from the deity
C. Experience Religious experience of the divine (absolute)
D. Psychic Phenomena-Death and Immortality-
Support for the post-mortem survival hypothesis
Arguments against the post mortem survival hypothesis
Pragmatism - faith
Arguments are offered to support belief in the existence of a deity not based upon any evidence but on a consideration of the consequences of holding such a belief. This is characteristic of the approach of pragmatists such as William James and before him the French thinker, Blaise Pascal.
Arguments to disprove the existence of the Supreme and All perfect being
There are arguments that attempt to disprove that the god of the Judeo-Christian-Islamic traditions exists. One of the most famous and powerful is based on the existence of evil.
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© Copyright Philip A. Pecorino 2001. All Rights reserved.
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