Bibliography Index

Library Catalog


Table of Contents

Ancient Near East
Classical and Hellenistic Greece
Ancient Rome
Western Europe, Byzantium and Islam
Early Medieval Europe
High Medieval Europe
Late Medieval Europe
Renaissance and Reformation
Age of Exploration
Early Modern Europe
European History
Studies of Civilization

Ancient Near East

The first two books, if chosen for a book report, are short books. Both books must be read for the report:

Casson, Lionel, Libraries in the Ancient World, Yale University Press, 2001, Z722.C37 and

Brayton Harris, Johann Gutenberg and the Invention of Printing, New York: Franklin Watts, Inc., 1972

Desroches-Noblecourt, Christiane, Life and Death of a Pharaoh: Tutankhamen, 1984    DT87.5 D4

Jolly, Alison, Lucy's Legacy: Sex and Intelligence in Human Evolution, Harvard University Press, 1999      GN281 J6

Pollock, Susan, Ancient Mesopotamia, Cambridge University Press, 1999    DS71 P65        

Romer,John. Ancient Lives:Daily Life in Egypt of the Pharaohs, Owl/HoltSource: N.Y.Times, 2-25-90
        "...An archeologist describes what life might have been like 3,500 years ago for the village of artisans who built the tombs of the pharaohs. He re-creates in rich, sensory detail the rhythms and textures of ordinary life in an extraordinary time and place,` Brett Harvey said here in 1985."

Shaw, Jan, The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, 2000, Oxford University Press DT83 O95

Starr, Chester G., RISE AND FALL OF THE ANCIENT WORLD, University of Illinois, Chicago, 1965 CB311 .S76

Teresi, Dick, Lost Discoveries: the Ancient Roots of Modern Science, From the Babylonians to the Maya, Simon & Schuster, 2002 Q124.95 T47

Vanderkom, James C., An Introduction to Early Judaism, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., Grand Rapids, Michigan, 2001 DS121.65 V36

Verner, Miroslav, Pyramids: The Mystery, Culture and Science of Egypts' Great Monuments, Grove Press, 2001 DT63 V469        

Classical and Hellenistic Greece

Cahill, Thomas, Sailing the Wine Dark Sea: Why the Greeks Matter, Nan A. Talese/Doubleday, 2003 DF77 C28 

Freeman, Charles, The Greek Achievement: The Foundation of the Western World, Viking, 1999       DF77 F697

Finley, John Huston, Thucydides. 1963    DF229 T6 F5
Green, Peter, ALEXANDER OF MACEDON 356-323 B.C.:A Historical Biography, 617 pp., Berkeley, University of California Press
Source: New York Times, 9-22-96

It is an excellent idea to make this book ---the original full length version was published only in Britain in 1974---- available to readers in the United States. It is a marvelous read. It has all the audacity that characterized Mr. Green's "Alexander to Actium"(1990), an intricate, monumental history of the three "Hellenistic" centuries after Alexander's death. Not for nothing did Mr. Green begin his literary career as a historical novelist: his early "Sword of Pleasure", a fictional biography of the Roman dictator Sulla, was in the Mary Renault class. But "Alexanderof Macedon" is more than than Mary Renault with footnotes; even at his most self-consciously academic, Mr. Green cannot write an uninteresting sentence.

Kagan, Donald, The Peloponnesian Wars, Viking/Penguin, 2003, DF229 K34

Miller, Stephen G., Ancient Greek Athletics, New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004, GV 21 M55

Payne, Robert, THE SPLENDOR OF GREECE,1960, Harper & Bros., N.Y.
DF30 P3

Ancient Rome

Barbero, Alessandro, The Day of the Barbarians: the Battle that led to the Fall of the Roman Empire, New York: Walker and Co. , 2007, DG326 B3713

Barrow, R.H., THE ROMANS, Chicago, Aldine Publishing Co., 1964 DG77. B34

Carroll, James, Constantine's Sword: the Church and the Jews, Houghton-Mifflin, 2001 BM535 C37

Grant, Michael, The Twelve Caesars, NY: Barnes and Noble Books, 1996 DG278 G68

Guy, Laurie, Introducing Early Christianity: A Topical survey of Its Life, Belief and Practices, Intervarsity Press, Downers Grove, Ill. BR165.689 2004

McClymond, Michael J., Familiar Stranger: An Introduction to Jesus of Nazareth, Eerdman Publishing, 2004, BT M338

Murphy-O'Connor, Jerome, Paul: His Story, Oxford U. Press, 2004 BS2506.3 M87

Salisbury, Joyce E., Perpetua's Passion: The Death and Memory of a Young Roman Woman, Routledge, NY,1997      BR1720.P42 S25


Western Europe, Byzantium and Islam

Aslan, Reza, No God but God: the Origins, Evolution, and Future of Islam, NY: Random House, 2005, BP161.3 A79

Brown, Pete Robert, THE WORLD OF LATE ANTIQUITY, Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1971

Gabriel, Richard A., The Great Armies of Antiquity, Praeger, 2002 U29 G2333

Fletcher, Richard, The Barbarian Conversion: From Paganism to Christianity, Henry Holt
& Co., 1998       BR200.F57

Kennedy, Hugh, The Great Arab Conquests: How the Spread of Islam Changed the World We Live In, Da Capo Press, 1st ed., Philadelphia, PA, 2007, DS38.3 K46

Lewis, David L., God's Crucible: Islam and the Making of Europe, 570 to 1215, 1st ed., New York: W.W.Norton, 2008, D117 L48

Liebeschuetz, J.H.W.G., Decline and Fall of the Roman City, Oxford University Press, 2003 DG311 L5

O'Donnell, James J., Augustine: a New Biography, HarperCollins Press, 2005, BR1720 A9 O36

Pagels, Elaine, Beyond Belief: The Secret Gospel of Thomas, Random House, NY, 2003

Pagels, Elaine, The Origin of Satan, NewYork: Random House, 1995
              -----Pagels thinks Satan, as ruler of  a whole demonic realm, was a necessary evil. "Had Satan not already existed in Jewish tradition, the Essenes would have invented him." She quotes oneof their scriptures, found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, as saying Satan"rules in darkness, and his purpose is to bring about evil and sin": the Essenes envisioned life as a cosmic battle between "sons of light" like themselves and the spawn of darkness, between God and Satan.
                 The early Christians adopted that view and used much of the same language,she continues, seeing themselves as protected by God and the angels, freed from Satanic manipulation while their antagonists were under diabolical control.---- the book becomes a kind of case study of how people, defining difference between themselves and others,find it easy to abandon love and tolerance for a hostility that is licensed, even commanded, by divine decree.
-----it seems almost an afterthought that in the last six pages she points to to a powerful tradition in Christianity ---- represented in the gospels themselves and by people like St. Francis of Assisi and Martin Luther King, Jr. ---- that rejects a division of the world into followers of light and of darkness. There is a "struggle within Christian tradition" she concludes, "between the profoundly human view that otherness is evil and the words of Jesus that reconciliation is divine"
      -----  LeslieHolden ----

Peters, F.E., The Children of Abraham: Judaism, Christianity, Islam , Princeton University Press, 2004 BM157 P47

Treadgold, Warren, A Concise History of Byzantium, Palgrave Publishers Ltd, 2001    DF552.64

Early Medieval Europe

Bartlett, W. B., An Ungodly War: The Sack of Constantinople and the 4th Crusade, Sutton Publishing, 2000              
D164 B37 (western campus)

Chibnail, Marjorie, The Normans, Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publishers, 2000, D148 C48

Reston, James Jr., The Last Apocalypse: Europe at the Year 1000 A.D., Doubleday, 1998 D201.4 .R47

Reston, James, Warriors of God: Richard the Lionheart and Saladin in the Third Crusade, Doubleday, 2001 D163.4 R47

High Medieval Europe

Bergreen, Laurence, Marco Polo: from Venice to Xanadu, 1st ed., New York: Alfred A. Knopf , 2007
G370 P9 B37

Crouzet-Pavan, Elisabeth, trans. by Lydia G. Cochrane, Venice Triumphant: The Horizons of a Myth, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002 DG676 C8813

Hindley, Geoffrrey, The Crusades: A History of Armed Pilgrimage and Holy War, 2003, Carroll and Graf Publishers, NY D157 H54

Heer, Friedrich, THE MEDIEVAL WORLD, EUROPE 1100-1350, translated from German by Janet Sondheimer

Hollister, C. Warren, MEDIEVAL EUROPE: A SHORT HISTORY, John Wiley & Sons, N.Y.-London, 1964

House, Adrian, Francis of Assisi: A Revolutionary Life, Hidden Spring, 2001 BX4700 F6 H595             

Jarrett, Bede, Social Theories of the Middle Ages, 1200-1500, Frederick Ungar Publishing, 1926, republished 1966

Labarge, Margaret Wade, A Small Sound of theTrumpet: Women in Medieval Europe, Boston: Beacon Press,1986      Eastern Campus Library

MacCullough, J.A., MEDIEVAL FAITH AND FABLE, Boston, Marshall Jones Co., 1932,

Nicholson, Helen, Medieval Warfare: the Theory and Practice of War in Europe, 300-1500, Palgrave MacMillan, 2004 U37 N52

Shahar, Shulamith, Childhood in the MiddleAges, Routledge, NY, 1990

Tobin, Stephen, The Cistercians: Monks and Monasteries of Europe, Overlook Press, Woodstock, NY 1996 NA4828.T63

Tyerman, Christopher, Fighting for Christendom: Holy War and the Crusades, New York: Oxford University Press, 2004, D 157 T88

Weir, Alison, Eleanor of Aquitane: A Life, NY: Ballantine Books, 1999    DA209 E6 W45

Late Medieval Europe

Aberth, John, From the Brink of the Apocalypse: Confronting Famine, War, Plague and Death in the Later Middle Ages, 2001 DA245 A24

Castor, Helen, Blood and Roses: One Family's Struggle and Triumph During the Tumultuous Wars of the Roses, Harper Collins, 2006 DA245 C3687

Cheyney, Edward Potts, THE DAWN OF A NEW ERA,1250-1453, VOL. 1, The Rise of Modern Europe, edited byWilliam L.Langer

DiRobilant, Andrea, AVenetian Affair, Alfred A. Knopf, 2003 DG678.4 D5

Gordon, Mary, Joan of Arc , NY: Lipper/VikingPress, 2000    DC103 G68

Gottfried, Robert S., The Black Death: Natural and Human Disaster in Medieval Europe, New York: The Free Press, 1983 RC178 G3 G67

Rossabi, Morris. Khublai Khan: His Life and Times.University of California.Source: N.Y.Times,9-11-88                      "...Under Kublai Khan, a foreigner who became the Emperor of China, the Mongols expanded their suzerainty from Korea to western Russia in the north and from Burma to Iraq in the south. Grandson of Genghis, Kublai brilliantly engaged Chinese advisers who helped subjugate their own. He chose provincial rulers from among the peoples he dominated, allowing them some autonomy while maintaining vigilance over corruption."

Weir, Alison, Queen Isabella: Treachery, Adultery and Murder in Medieval England, NY: Ballantine Books, 2005, D231 I83 W45

Wills, Garry, Venice: Lion City, the Religion of Empire , Simon & Schuster, 2001, DG676 W55                 

Renaissance and Reformation

Ackroyd, Peter, The Life of Thomas More, NY: Nan A. Talese/Doubleday, 1998     DA334.M8 A64

Collinson, Patrick, The Reformation: A History, New York: Modern Library, 2004, BR 305.3 C64

Gilmore, THE WORLD OF HUMANISM, 1453-1517,Vol. 2, The Rise of Modern Europe, edited by William L. Langer

Grant, Edward, Science and Religion, 400 BC to AD 1550: From Aristotle to Copernicus, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004, BL240.3 G74
Hale, John, THE CIVILIZATION OF EUROPE IN THE RENAISSANCE, 648 pages, New York: Atheneum
Source: New York Times, 9-4-94                         
He (the author) reveals how the very idea of "Europe" and its sense of worldwide mission crystalized,despite local rivalries and new forms of self-consciousness. With some 200 illustrations, regretttably none in color, he brings to life the migration of ideas as well as people; the flourishing new styles of representation; the brutalities as well as the beauties of religious passion; the growing commitment to civility, which affected such varied topics as cities, violence, manners,merchants, education, utopias and architecture; and the relentless daily grind of men and women on farms and in towns, on the road and at sea ,in shops and in armies. It is a sweeping and learned traversal of the age.---- Theodore K. Rabb ----

Kamen, Henry, Spanish Inquisition: a Historical Revision, Yale University Press, 1998     BX1735K 312

Man. John, Gutenberg: How One Man Remade the World with Words, John Wiley & Sons, 2002 Z125 Z7 M36

Murphy, Caroline, The Pope's Daughter: the Extraordinary Life of Felice della Rovere, Oxford University Press, 2005, DG812.6 D45 M87

O'Connell, THE COUNTER-REFORMATION, 1559-1610,Vol. 4, The Rise of Modern Europe, edited by William L. Langer

Smith, Lacey Baldwin,   HENRY VIII: THE MASK, OF ROYALTY, Boston, Houghton-Mifflin, 1971 DA332.S63

Smith, Preserved, ERASMUS: A STUDY OF HIS LIFE, IDEALS AND PLACE IN HISTORY, 1962, N.Y., Ungar PA8518.S6                          

Spitz, Lewis William, THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION,1517-1559, Vol. 3, The Rise of Modern Europe edited by William L. Langer,Harper & Row, N.Y., 1985,
BR305.2 .S66

Viroli, Maurizio, Niccolo's Smile: a Biography of Machiavelli, 2000, DG738.14.M2 V74

Waite, Gary K., Heresy, Magic and Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe, Palgrave MacMillan/St. Martin's Press, 2003 BF1584 E85 W35

Age of Exploration

Braudel, Fernand. The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II. Harper & Row, NewYork

Source: N.Y. Times, 6-2-74
                            "...The design is monumental ,a telling analysis of geographical forces and their influence on economicand social  life,the effects of the population's growth and decline, the complexities of trade, and so on to the clash of power." -- J.H. Plumb --                            

Elliot, John, IMPERIAL SPAIN, 1469-1716,John Huxtable, N.Y., St. Martin's Press, 1964, DP171.E4

Feros, Antonio, Kingship and Favoritism in the Spain of Philip III, 1598-1621, 2000, DP183 F47

Finkel, Caroline, Osman's Dream: the History of the Ottoman Empire, Basic Books, 2005 DR486 F56

Goodwin, Jason, Lords of the Horizon: a History of the Ottoman Empire, NY: Henry Holt & Co., 1999   DR486 G66

Kamen, Henry, Philip of Spain, New Haven:Yale University Press, 1997 DP178.K36

Parker, Geoffrey, The Grand Strategy of Philip II, Yale University Press, New Haven,1998

Starkey, David, Elizabeth: The Struggle for the Throne, HarperCollins Publishers, 2001 DA356.S77                           


Source: New York Times, 12-29-74

                              Wallerstein's book aims to achieve nothing less than a coherent understanding of the modern world and the unique development within it of modern capitalism. This search ---has prompted him to examine closely the myriad social, political and economic changes that took place between 1450 and 1640. Wallerstein follows the path laid down by Fernand Braudel and the French economist Marion Malowist, both of whom he acknowledges as his main sources of inspiration. He leads the reader through the intricatedevelopments that brought about the rise of feudalism and thesubsequent crisis that found its resolution in the beginnings of capitalism.This entails an account of the overseas expansion of Europe under the leadership of Portugal, the following influx of bullion, the revolution in prices and lag in wages, and the expansion of production, population and trade.--- Gertrude Lenzer  

Weir, Alison, Mary, Queen of Scots and the Murder of Lord Darnley, NY: Ballantine Books, 2003 DA787 D3 W45                       

Early Modern Europe

Anisimov, Alexander. Eugenii V--- Marc Raeff, Prof.Emeritus of Russian Studies, Columbia University,.,   THE REFORMS OF PETER THE GREAT: PROGRESS THROUGH VIOLENCE IN RUSSIA, Institute of History, St. Petersburg, Translated by John T. Alexander, University of Kansas, 1993, 320 pp.
Source: M. E. Sharpe Publisher's catalogue, Spring,1993
         "In addition to giving a vivid portrait of Peter's extraordinary personality, the book, based on a vast array of printed and archival sources, provides a reliable and full picture of the policies and institutional innovations that set the country's course for over two centuries. The relevance of Peter's reign to our own times, especially in light of Stalin's heritage, is tellingly underscored by a witty, sarcastic,and eminently readable style.
Bergin, Joseph, CARDINAL RICHELIEU: POWER AND THE PURSUIT OF WEALTH, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985, 341 pp.
Source: Publisher's brochure, 1993
"A vivid and fascinating guide to the financial basis of high society in Louis XIII's France,and a precise account ofhow Richelieu gained and maintained his position in government.--- It sheds much light on the more general topic of the nature and means of noble wealth and influence in the early seventeenth century."--- Roger Mettam, HistoryToday ---
Brewer, John, The Sinews of Power: War, Money and the English State, 1688-1783, Knopf
Source: N.Y.Times, 8-6-89
"...For 200 years before 1688, Britain was not a major military power, either by aspiration or achievement. In the following century, argues John Brewer in "The Sinews of Power," the military sustenance required for an emerging empire was made possible by the development of a complex and competent financial and administrative bureaucracy."
Burke, Peter, THE FABRICATION OF LOUIS XIV,New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992, 288 pp.
Source: Publisher's brochure, 1993
Louis XIV was a man like any other, but the money and attention lavished on his public image by the French government transformed him into a godlike figure.In this engrossing book, an internationally respected historian gives an accountof contemporary representations of Louis XIV and shows how the making of the royal image illuminates the relationship between art and power.
Burke, Peter. Popular Culture in Early ModernEurope, Gower Publishing Company
Source: Publicity from Gower Publishing Company
"...From Scotland to Sicily, from the 16th centuryto the 19th, this book describes the entertainments and attitudes of a society in transition. Burke examines social conditions and their effect on changing values, as well as the effect of upper-class attitudes on the more "exotic" popular culture of the masses.
Cameron, Euan, Early Modern Europe: an Oxford History, 1999     D228 E187

Chapman, Allan, England's Leonardo: Robert Hooke and the Seventeenth Century Scientific Revolution, Institutes of Physics, London, 2005 Q143 H7 C48

Cochrane,Eric. Florence in the Forgotten Centuries 1527-1800, Chicago.
Source:N.Y. Times, 6-2-74.

"...Florence, from Galileo onwards, possessed a brilliant cultural life from painting to science, to music and literature; generation after generation of fascinating and gifted men and women."

Friedrich, THE AGE OF THE BAROQUE, 1610-1660, Vol.5 The Rise of Modern Europe, edited by William L. Langer

Gaskill, Malcolm, Witchfinders: a Seventeenth Century English Tragedy, Harvard University Press, 2005 BF1581 G38

Goffman, Daniel, The Ottoman Empire and Early Modern Europe, 2002, Cambridge University Press DR486 G62

Goubert, Pierre,Goubert, Pierre, LOUIS XIV AND TWENTY MILLION FRENCHMEN,   Translated from French by Anne Carter,N.Y., Pantheon Books, 1970

Honan, Park, Shakespeare: a Life, OxfordUniversity Press, 1998    PR2894 H65

Hughes, Lindsey, Russia in the Age of Peter the Great, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1998

Jardine, Lisa, The Curious Life of Robert Hooke: The Man Who Measured London, New York: HarperCollins, 2004, Q143 H7 J37

Kishlansky, Mark, A Monarchy Transformed: Britain 1603-1714, N.Y.: Allen Lane/The Penguin Press, 1997 DA375 K55

Lovell, Mary S., Bess of Hardwick: Empire Builder, W.W. Norton & Co., 2006, DA358 S4 L68

Phillips, Carla Rahn and William D. Jr., Spain's Golden Fleece: Wool Production and the Wool Trade from the Middle Ages to the 19th Century, Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997

Porter, Roy, Flesh in the Age of Reason, W.W.Norton, 2003, PR448 B63 P67

Sobel, Dava, Galileo's Daughter: A Historical Memoir of Science, Faith, and Love, NY: Walker & Co, 1999.

Zimmer, Carl, Soul Made Flesh: the Discovery of the Brain -- and How It Changed the World, Free Press, 2005 QP376 Z555

European History

Crane, Nicholas, Mercator: The Man Who Mapped the Planet, Henry Holt and Co., NY 2003 GA923.5 M5 C73

Duffy, Eamon, Saints and Sinners: A History of the Popes, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997 Oversized BX955.2.D84

Gottlieb, Beatrice, The Family in the Western World: From the Black Death to the Industrial Age, 1993, NY: Oxford University Press

Hibbert, Christopher, FLORENCE: THE BIOGRAPHY OF A CITY, 398 pp. New York: W.W. Norton & Company

Source: New York Times, 12-26-93
In between the vignettes and anecdotes, however, are some good descriptions of everyday life (especially in the medieval period) and of key episodes in Florentine history: the revolt by and brutal suppression of the textile workers in 1378, a useful reminder of how far back the city's "red" credentials go; the Pazzi conspiracy of 1478, when Giuliano de' Medici was assassinated at the instigation of the Pope during High Mass in the cathedral; the siege by Emperor Charles V in 1530; the arrival of Napoleon; the revolutions of 1848 and 1859, and the great floodof 1966. Mr. Hibbert's accounts of the city's turbulent and factious political life in the Renaissance period are very good, and his knowledge and sense of the general historical context are accurate ---- Christopher Duggan----

Manchester, William, A World Lit Only by Fire: the Medieval Mind and the Renaissance, 1922, Little, Brown& Co., Boston

Hunt, Morton, THE NATURAL HISTORY OF LOVE, Alfred A. Knopf, N.Y., 1967 HQ12. H75

Phillips, Carla Rahn and William D. Jr., Spain's Golden Fleece: Wool Production and the Wool Trade from the Middle Ages to the Nineteenth Century, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore,1998

Porter, Roy, London: A Social History.431pp. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Source: New York Times, 4/2/95
Geography shaped the form of London and encouraged its peculiar evolution. Roman invaders garrisoned the lowest place where they might ford the Thames, and the Thames twists through Mr. Porter's maps of suburban expansion and
dockyard building and gentrification asit flows through his whole history of the city, as supplier of water, disposer of sewerage and, most significantly, carrier of commerce. By 1600, Londoners; living in a city already superbly located for European trade, already the home of non-English merchants; took advantage of their geographical situation and growing wealth to penetrate markets interrupted by the disruption of Mediterranean trade after the fall of Constantinople in the 15th century, by the sacking of Antwerp in the next, by religious warfare across the Netherlands and France and, of course, by the opening of trans-Atlantic trade. From that era on, London grew increasingly rapidly, straining all efforts at description and government, in time straining credulity.

Roberts, J.M., A History of Europe, NY: AllenLane/Penguin Press, 1997 to p.300


Source: New York Times, 4-12-92

This book, now with a new foreword by Michael Dorris, explains that Western Europeans' attitude of superiority toward other cultures and races can be traced back as far as the Middle Ages.In 1978 our reviewer, D.B. Davis, found it "studded with fascinating details, well-told anecdotes and bold speculations."

Tinniswood, Adrian, By Permission of Heaven: The True Story of the Great Fire of London, Riverhead Books (Penguin ) NY 2004 DA681.75

Studies of Civilization

Barber, Elizabeth Wayland, WOMEN'S WORK: THE FIRST 20,000 YEARS, WOMEN, CLOTH, AND SOCIETY IN EARLY TIMES, N.Y.,W.W. Norton & Co., 1994 T43 B37

Chua, Amy, Day of Empire: how Hyperpowers Rise to Global Dominance -- and Why They Fall, 1st ed., New York: Doubleday, 2007, JC539 C58

deLange, Nicholas, An Illustrated History of the Jewish People, NY: Harcourt, Brace & Co., 1997 DS117.I55 toP. 199

Diamond, Jared, Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies , NY: W.W. Norton & Co., 1997 HM206 D48

Fagan, Brian M., The Great Warming: Climate Change and the Rise and Fall of Civilizations, New York: Bloomsbury Press, 2008 QC981.8 G56 F34

Karabell, Zachary, Peace Be Upon You: the Story of Muslim, Christian, and Jewish Coexistence, New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 2007, BL: 410 K37

Solbrig, Otto and Dorothy, So Shall You Reap: Farming and Crops in Human Affairs, Island Press/Center for Resource Economics, 1994

Solomon, Steven, Water: The Epic Struggle for Wealth, Power and Civilization, 2010 CB482 S65 from beginning to p.210 

Stavrianos. L.S., LIFELINES FROM OUR PAST: A NEW WORLD HISTORY, M.E. Sharpe, Armonk, N.Y., paperback, 1992, 288 pages

Source: Publisher's brochure, 1993

                                                                    ----- this book offers an extraordinary interpretation of world history, from the Paleolithic era to Mikhail Gorbachev. Renowned historian, L.S. Stavrianos conceptualizes human history into three categories: kinship societies, tributary societies, and capitalist societies. In each, he discerns four "lifeline" issues--- ecology, gender relations, social relations, and war ---- that encompass the broadest areas of human experience, are of immediate concern to us today, and allow the maximum linkage between our past and our present global existence.                                                                                                                                                                                                             

Bibliography Index