borders of a sovereign state, crime is deterred and prevented through the
passage of laws,
the creation of a court system, and the establishment of a permanent police
force. To be effective, the criminal justice
system requires a consensus of support from the people. This is possible
only if there is a common perception that human rights are protected and
justice is being served.
In the international arena, there is no criminal court system and no permanent police force. In order to combat and control international criminal activities, reliance is placed upon diplomacy and treaties between sovereign nation-states. In September, 2002, an International Criminal Court was established with the approval of the requisite number of member nations. This court was handicapped at its beginning by the failure of the United States to accept the court.