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Crime and Justice


    Within the borders of a sovereign state, crime is deterred and prevented through the passage of laws, the creation of a court system, and the establishment of a permanent police force. To be effective, the criminal justice system requires a consensus of support from the people. This is possible only if there is a common perception that human rights are protected and justice is being served.
    In the international arena, there is no criminal court system and no permanent police force. In order to combat and control international criminal activities, reliance is placed upon diplomacy and treaties between sovereign nation-states. In September, 2002, an International Criminal Court was established with the approval of the requisite number of member nations. This court was handicapped at its beginning by the failure of the United States to accept the court.