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Table of Contents:
HS-101      HS-102

Early Modern Europe

Theme (1): Modernization, the National Monarchies, and the Dutch Republic (Chapter 16 of Mckay-Hill)
What is the theory of modernization? What are the historical roots of early modern European states? What basic principle determined the legitimacy of a ruler? What did the middle class consist of, how was it created, and what was its role in the modernization process?

historical roots

How did the absolute monarchy develop in France? What was the role of King Henry IV? of Richelieu? of the intendants?of Mazarin? of King Louis XIV? French absolutism   Louis XIV  
How did the constitutional monarchy develop in England? What was the role of the Stuart dynasty? In particular, what was the role of King Charles I? What was the role of Parliament? of the Puritans? of Oliver Cromwell? of King Charles II, of King James II? What was the Glorious Revolution? Why was Parliament the focus of power and who was represented in Parliament? What principle determined the legitimacy of the claim of a member of the House of Commons to his seat? See "historical roots" above
How did the Dutch Republic evolve in the 17th century? Why was it a republic and not a monarchy? What was the role of the middle class in Holland? See "historical roots" above
What were the major powers of eastern Europe in the Early Modern period and how had they evolved? What happened to Poland in the 17th and 18th centuries?

Eastern Europe
Russian history
Peter the Great:       Primary source
Catherine the Great
Hermitage museum

Theme (2): The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment (Chapter 17)

What was the Scientific Revolution and when did it occur? What was the role of the following scientists or philosophers: Copernicus, Brahe, Kepler, Galileo, Francis Bacon, Descartes, and Newton? Scientific Revolution: (1)
(2) Science and Religion: An analysis
What was the Enlightenment and when did it occur? What was the role of the following philosophers: Locke, Montesquieu, Voltaire,Hume, and Rousseau? Enlightenment           

Theme (3): Forerunners of the Industrial Revolution (Chapter 18)

What significant changes occurred in agricultural methods beginning in the 17th century in Holland and England? Agricultura lrevolution
What is the Domestic System and how did it develop in Western Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries? Re-organization of craft labor
What significant changes in commerce occurred in Western Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries? What was mercantilism?
What was laissez faire? What was the philosophy of Adam Smith?
Commercial Revolution
How did economic growth in the 17th and 18th centuries interact with population growth? Population

Theme (4): The Lives of Ordinary People (Chapter 19)

What was the nature of family life among peasants in the pre-industrial era in Europe? What was the average age of marriage?What was the fertility rate? What was average life expectancy? How did family life differ among the middle class and the aristocracy? Ordinary life
What did the diet of peasants consist of? How did the diet of the aristocracy differ? What kind of medical care was available? How reliable were hospitals in treating and curing sickness? See Ordinary Life above
Disease and mortality
How did early industry change practices of marriage, fertility, and child bearing? How available were opportunities for education? What was the relationship between education and the Enlightenment? between education and religion? See Ordinary Life above
How has the role of the family changed since the early modern era? Role of the Family

Maps                    Maps of Europe AD1000:2000



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