Return to Industrialization

Per Capita Levels of Industrialization, 1750-1913

All entries are based on an index value of 100, equal to the per capita level of industrialization in Great Britain in 1900.
 
 
1750 1800 1830 1860 1880 1900 1913
Great Britain
10
16
25
64
87
100
115
Belgium
9
10
14
28
43
56
88
United States
4
9
14
21
38
69
126
France
9
9
12
20
28
39
59
Germany
8
8
9
15
25
52
85
Austria-Hungary
7
7
8
11
15
23
32
Italy
8
8
8
10
12
17
26
Russia
6
6
7
8
10
15
20
China
8
6
6
4
4
3
3
India
7
6
6
3
2
1
2

Source: P. Bairoch, "Industrialization Levels from 1750 to 1980," Journal of European Economic History 11 (Fall 1982): 294. Data for Great Britain are actually for the United Kingdom, thereby including Ireland with England, Wales, and Scotland.