Limitation of the Veto Power
So long as the five permanent
members of the Security Council have an absolute
veto, there is a severe limitation to sovereign
power at the international level. Furthermore, the five permanent members,
chosen on the basis of power relationships at the end of World War II,
do not accurately reflect the present world situation. Should a united
Germany, the largest nation in Europe, outside of Russia, be given permanent
status. Should Japan. the second largest economy in the world, be given
status? Should India, the second most populous nation in the world be given
status? If these nations are given permanent status, and are also given
the veto power, the Security Council will be more ineffective than ever.
These issues have been studied and reform proposals have been made. They combine the idea of increasing the permanent membership of the Security Council with different methods of limiting the veto. None of the reform proposals have gained the support of the great powers. Are they foundering upon the rock of national sovereignty?